Calfskins have a very fine grain and crocodiles a very strong grain structure. The top is always a "smooth leather". Embossed or coated split leather is also referred to as smooth leather because it looks like it is. But, actually, it's not because the scar side is not processed to the outside.
Smooth leather can be surface-coloured (pigmented) or porous (aniline leather) and its properties vary depending on the thickness of pigmentation on the surface. Aniline leather feels more beautiful, but fades quicker and is very stain-sensitive. Surface-dyed leathers are significantly less sensitive to stains and fading, but they do not feel so soft and warm.
A water drop on a pigmented smooth leather. Due to the coating, the drop does not penetrate the surface.
On aniline leather, the water drop sinks into the leather and darkens it.
Leather, where the hair is still present, is called fur.