Difference between revisions of "Tawing with alum"

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==Tawing with alum - Alum tanned==
 
==Tawing with alum - Alum tanned==
''Tawing is called the tanning method with aluminium salts (alum). It is a double salt, which naturally occurs, but also artificially is produced. Tawing belongs to the group of [[mineral tanning]] and is one of the oldest [[Tanning leather|tanning processes]]. After tanning with alum, the [[Drying leather|dried leather]] is stiff and firm. To make these softer, the leather is [[Softening|tumbled]] and [[Oils & fats in the leather industry|greased]].  
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''Tawing is a method of tanning with aluminium salts (alum). It is a naturally-occurring double salt, but which is also artificially produced. Tawing comes under [[mineral tanning]] and is one of the oldest [[Tanning leather|tanning processes]]. After tanning with alum, the [[Drying leather|dried leather]] is stiff and firm. To make it softer, the leather is then [[Softening|tumbled]] and [[Oils & fats in the leather industry|greased]].  
  
However, with a few exceptions, this tanning method was replaced by [[Chrome tanned|chrome tanning]]. After tanning with alum, the leather is white. The leather is however very water-sensitive. The tannins are washable, making this leather much more sensitive than the chrome-tanned leather.
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Alum tanning makes the leather white and very water-sensitive. The tannins are washable, making this leather much more sensitive than with [[Chrome tanned|chrome tanning]] which, with a few exceptions such as for [[Sheepskin - Lambskin|Sheepskin]], has replaced alum tanning.
 
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The alum tanning is still the most common for [[Sheepskin - Lambskin|Sheepskin]].  
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==Glacé leather==
 
==Glacé leather==
The Glacé tanning is a form of traditional white tanning and is based on natural ingredients. These include alum (aluminium sulphate), salt, egg yolk, wheat flour, fats and water. The tanning itself is a very short process, which takes only a few hours.
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Glacé tanning is a form of traditional white tanning and is based on natural ingredients. These include alum (aluminium sulphate), salt, egg yolk, wheat flour, fats and water. The tanning itself is a very short process, which takes only a few hours.
  
 
Glacé leather has traditionally been used as [[Leather gloves|glove leather]] (usually [[goatskin]]).
 
Glacé leather has traditionally been used as [[Leather gloves|glove leather]] (usually [[goatskin]]).
  
Nowadays glacé leather is offered, where the used [[Tanning leather|tanning method]] is not clear. Leather with "Glacé effect" is also offered. In such cases, the [[Tanning leather|tanning method]] is then deviated. Mostly it’s not clear, what is meant by "Glacé effect".
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Nowadays glacé leather is described, when the [[Tanning leather|tanning method]] is not clear. Leather with "glacé effect" is also offered. In such cases, the [[Tanning leather|tanning method]] is then deviated. It's generally not clear what is meant by "glacé effect".
  
 
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Latest revision as of 18:28, 16 March 2017

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Tawing with alum - Alum tanned

Tawing is a method of tanning with aluminium salts (alum). It is a naturally-occurring double salt, but which is also artificially produced. Tawing comes under mineral tanning and is one of the oldest tanning processes. After tanning with alum, the dried leather is stiff and firm. To make it softer, the leather is then tumbled and greased.

Alum tanning makes the leather white and very water-sensitive. The tannins are washable, making this leather much more sensitive than with chrome tanning which, with a few exceptions such as for Sheepskin, has replaced alum tanning.


Lammfell-01.jpg Riemen-Alaungerbung-01.jpg

Alum tanning: Sheepskin and leather straps.

 

Guertel-Weissgerbung-01.jpg

Guertel-Weissgerbung-02.jpg

Alum tanning: Leather belt with braided parchment.

 

Cricket-Ball-Alum tanned.jpg

Alum tanning: Cricket ball from England (www.colourlock.com).

 

Glacé leather

Glacé tanning is a form of traditional white tanning and is based on natural ingredients. These include alum (aluminium sulphate), salt, egg yolk, wheat flour, fats and water. The tanning itself is a very short process, which takes only a few hours.

Glacé leather has traditionally been used as glove leather (usually goatskin).

Nowadays glacé leather is described, when the tanning method is not clear. Leather with "glacé effect" is also offered. In such cases, the tanning method is then deviated. It's generally not clear what is meant by "glacé effect".

Glace2.jpg

Glacé gloves are very sensitive to water due to the non-permanent, washable tanning. The ring finger of this glove was irreparably damaged by moisture.

 



Additional information



Tanning methods
Chrome tanning - Vegetable-tanned leather - Synthetic tanning - Tanning with fats and oils


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