Alpaca fur & Llama fur
Llamas and alpacas are commonly found in the Andes of South America. Although predominantly used as pack animals, they are also a source of food, wool and leather. Alpacas are smaller and sturdier, while llamas have more pointed ears. Both animals have fur designed to protect them against extreme cold, which can be as low as minus 40 degrees at night in the high Andes.
The wool and fur of the alpaca have special characteristics. Their hair is fat free, hollow and very fine. Hair without fats is anti-allergenic. The hollow hair structure is excellent for cold weather. Alpaca hair has a thickness of 0.02 millimetres and is strong and soft. Therefore, it does not scratch. In comparison, a human hair is 0.06 millimetres thick. Alpaca herds are also kept in other countries and regions mainly to extract wool.
Alpaca at Lake Titicaca and Lama at Salar de Uyuni in Bolivia.